The Argentine agricultural sector has undergone an important structural change that significantly increased its supply capacity during the last decades, under different policy regimes and persistent fluctuations in agricultural commodity prices.
Organizational changes and early application and diffusion of new technologies from the “second green revolution” have allowed the Argentinean agricultural sector to respond to new challenges presented by the increasing international demand of agricultural commodities from China and India and the emergence of biofuels with important productivity gains.
Since the present and future performance of agricultural productivity is essential to solve the macroeconomic problems in terms of Argentina’s economic growth sustainability, as well as its external and social sustainability; it is of the utmost importance to comprehensively measure the agricultural sources of growth through strict, comparable methodologies and reliable data.
AGRIKLEMS Project is developed jointly by the ERS-USDA (Economic Research Service-United States Department of Agriculture directed by Eldon Ball (ERS) and the Buenos Aires Grain Exchange (Bolsa de Cereales de Buenos Aires) and, with general coordination by Ramiro Costa (Bolsa de Cereales de Buenos Aires) and technical coordination by Ariel Coremberg (ARKLEMS+LAND-University of Buenos Aires).
The objective of the research is to measure the sources of growth and productivity of the agricultural sector through the estimation of the output and main productive factors of the sector (KLEMS): capital, labor, energy, intermediate inputs (pesticides, fertilizer and others) and land to obtain the contribution of every input and productivity to agricultural output growth.
AGRIKLEMS will also include other natural intensive resource economies. Most of all, links with ARKLEMS Project (Mesuring Productivity of Argenine Economy), and WorldKLEMS (project leading by Dale Jorgenson, Harvard University) will secure the macroeconomic consistency of the estimations as well as the international comparability of the estimations.
ARGENTINE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY, MEASUREMENT AND INTERNATIONAL COMPARABILITY.
Ariel Coremberg, Ramiro Costa (ARKLEMS+LAND-UBA, Buenos Aires Grain Exchange)-AGRIKLEMS
PRODUCTIVITY AND GROWTH IN U.S. AGRICULTURE: 1948-2008. Eldon Ball (ERS-USDA)-AGRIKLEMS